Rumkale – Gaziantep

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Rumkale is located on a hill covered with high rocks, where the Euphrates River and Merzimen Stream meet.

Rumkale - Gaziantep

Rum kale – Gaziantep

Architectural ruins in Rumkale, which has been called by many names such as Şitamrat, Kal-a Rhomayta, Hromklay, Ranculat, Kal-at el Rum, Kal-at el Müslimin and Kale-i Zerrin (Golden Castle) from the Antiquity to the present, include Late Roman and It has a medieval character.

Rumkale - Gaziantep

Rum kale – Gaziantep

Among the structures that can be seen in the castle today are the St. Nerses Church, the Barşavma Monastery, many building remains, water cisterns, a well and a ditch.

Rumkale - Gaziantep

Rum kale – Gaziantep

In the Roman Period, St. This settlement plays an important role in the history of Christianity, as Yohannes, one of the apostles of Jesus, came and settled in Rumkale and spread the Christianity religion there. It is said that Yohannes kept the copy of the Bible in a cave in Rumkale, and then the copies were taken from here and taken to Beirut.

Rumkale - Gaziantep

Rum kale – Gaziantep

How to get to Rumkale?

Since Rumkale is located on a peninsula and the connection between the peninsula and the ditch is cut off, transportation can be made by boats from the town of Kasaba Village, 25 kilometers away from Gaziantep’s Yavuzeli district, or from Halfeti district of Şanlıurfa.

Rumkale is a historic fortress located in Gaziantep, Turkey, near the Euphrates River. It has a rich history dating back to Roman and Byzantine times, with remnants of fortifications, churches, and other structures. The site offers a captivating blend of natural beauty and historical significance, making it a popular destination for tourists and history enthusiasts.

The name “Rumkale” itself is indicative of its Byzantine heritage, as it means “Roman Castle.” It played a significant role in the region’s history, serving as a strategic stronghold during various periods, including the Crusader and Ottoman eras.

Visitors to Rumkale can explore the well-preserved ruins, admire the scenic views of the Euphrates River, and immerse themselves in the historical ambiance of the site. The combination of its picturesque location and historical importance makes Rumkale a must-visit destination for those interested in Turkey’s diverse cultural and historical heritage.