Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

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Mount Nemrut Ruins is located within the borders of Büyüköz Village of Pütürge and Kahta District of Adıyaman. The tombs and monumental sculptures built on the slopes of Mount, which is 2,150 meters high, by the Commagene King Antiochos I to show his gratitude to the gods and ancestors, are one of the most magnificent remains of the Hellenistic Period.

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

Monumental sculptures are spread over the east, west and north terraces. The well-preserved giant statues are made of limestone blocks and are 8-10 meters high.

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Nemrut – Adıyaman

An independent kingdom was established by Mithradates I in the region known as Commagene in ancient times, and the kingdom gained importance during the reign of his son Antiochos I (62-32 BC).

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

After the loss of the war against Rome in 72 AD, the independence of the kingdom came to an end.

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

The peak of Mount Nemrut is not a settlement, but the tumulus and sacred areas of Antiochos. The tumulus is at a point that dominates the Euphrates River passes and plains. The tumulus, 50 meters high and 150 meters in diameter, where the king’s bones or ashes were placed in the room carved into the bedrock, was covered with small rock fragments and taken under protection. Although it is stated in the inscriptions that the tomb of the king is here, it has not been discovered until today. On the east and west terraces, there are statues of Antiochos and gods and goddesses, as well as lion and eagle statues. A unique lion horoscope is located on the west terrace. The sculptures were carved by blending Hellenistic, Persian art and the original art of Commagene. In this sense, Mount Nemrut can be called the bridge of western and eastern civilizations.

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

After the Commagene Kingdom was erased from the stage of history, the artifacts on Mount Nemrut were left in solitude for about two thousand years. The German engineer Karl Sester, who was visiting the region as an officer in 1881, came across the statues of Mount Nemrut and informed the German Consul in İzmir, thinking that he could not see the ruins of the Commagene Kingdom and the Greek inscriptions behind the pedestals on which the statues of gods were placed, assuming they were Assyrian ruins. Karl Sester made this mistake in his excitement of discovering the giant statues. In 1882, Otto Puchstein and Karl Sester made a study in Nemrut. Osman Hamdi Bey, Director of the Museum-i Hümayun (Imperial Museum), came with a team in 1883 and worked in Nemrut. After World War II, American archaeologist Theresa Goell and German Karl Doerner; They made excavations, researches and studies in Nemrut and its surroundings.

Mount Nemrut - Adıyaman

Mount Nemrut – Adıyaman

Mout Nemrut Ruins were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987.

Source: Malatya Governorship Publication, Malatya City Guide, Istanbul 2013, Edition: Seçil Ofset / General Directorate of Cultural Heritage Website