Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins – Çorum

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Alacahöyük Ruins is located in the Alaca District of Çorum, in the Alacahöyük Town. During the excavations that started in 1935, which was an important culture and art center of the Hittites, 4 civilizations were unearthed.

Alacahöyük 1st civilization level; It is represented by the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk-Ottoman periods. In the 1st culture level, all parts of the mound were inhabited during the Late Phrygian period. On this floor, settlements consisting of small houses were found.

Alacahöyük 2nd civilization level; The temple consists of large buildings, private-block houses, streets, large and small water channels, the city wall, sphinxes decorated with middle towns, one of which is embossed. The Sphinx Gate, which was built with andesite blocks on a limestone foundation, is 10 meters wide and is the monumental gateway to the great temple.

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins - Çorum

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins – Çorum

Alacahöyük 3rd civilization level; It is the Old Bronze Age. (2500-2000 BC) Alacahöyük Old Bronze Age dynasty tombs, which contributed greatly to the enlightenment of the indigenous Hatti Civilization, which was the leading culture of the Hittite culture, are the most important finds of this age. Intramural burials were collected in a specially reserved area. The rectangular tombs, which were built with stones on all four sides, were closed with wooden beams, and sacrificed cattle heads and legs were placed on their roofs. Rich dead gifts made of gold, silver, electrum, copper, bronze, iron and precious stones show that they belonged to the dynasty. Most gold and silver vessels forging, casting, inlay techniques, fine ornaments of gold jewelery are the products of a long development.

Alacahöyük 4th civilization level; It reflects the Late Chalcolithic Age, that is, the first civilization established on the main land.

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins - Çorum

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins – Çorum

Alacahoyuk King Tombs

Welcoming the visitors of Alacahöyük with thousands of years of hospitality, the monumental sphinxes were built with andesite blocks on a limestone foundation. The jamb blocks on both sides of the Sphinx Gate were carved in sphinx appearance. The inner and outer surfaces of these two towers, where the sphinxes are located, are decorated with embossed orthostats. The bull figure seen in the reliefs on the western tower symbolizes the “Storm God of the Sky”. The most important finds of Alacahöyük, which sheds light on the Hittite architecture and art with the settlement’s foundations and other finds, are the royal tombs. The tombs whose sides were built with stone, covered with wooden beams, sacrificed on their roofs Heads and legs of cattle are placed.In these 13 tombs, which are thought to belong to princes and princesses and dated to the Old Bronze Age, ornaments, sun discs, deer and bull statues, war tools such as daggers, swords, axes, terracotta, stone, gold, Artifacts and ornaments made of silver, bronze, copper and electron were found.

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins - Çorum

Alacahoyuk Museum and Ruins – Çorum

Alacahoyuk Museum

The first local museum in Alacahöyük was opened in 1940. The museum, which was moved to its building in the archaeological site in 1982, was reorganized in 2011. The artifacts unearthed in the Alacahöyük excavations, which started in 1935, are exhibited in the halls where the names of the excavation heads are given. The place and importance of the Alacahöyük excavations in Turkish archeology are explained on the wall panels in the Hamit Zübeyr KOŞAY hall. Excavation materials and some of the scientific publications of the Alacahöyük excavation are exhibited in the showcase where the history of the excavation is explained. Artifacts from the Chalcolithic, Old Bronze Age and Hittite periods found in the Alacahöyük excavation are exhibited in the Remzi Oğuz ARIK hall, while artifacts from the Hittite and Phrygian periods are exhibited in the Mahmut AKOK hall.

In 1935, by the order of Atatürk, on behalf of the Turkish Historical Society, R.O. It started under the management of Arik. Alacahöyük excavation is one of Turkey’s first national excavations.

Source: Çorum Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism – Çorum with its Geography, History, Culture and Literature